A budget can help you manage your spending, tackle debt, and plan for the future.

Two central aspects of budgeting are prioritization and the ability to be fluid. You prioritize how you spend your money so that it goes towards the things that are essential for your lifestyle and will help you achieve your goals. If your financial situation ever changes, fluidity is important so that you can re-budget and reprioritize based on your new reality. Findings from the 2019 Canadian Financial Capability Survey show that about half of Canadians (49 per cent) use a budget to manage their money.

Set a Goal

Setting a budget can be beneficial, but creating one might not always feel compelling. It’s good to have a goal in mind when you create a budget so you’re more likely to stick to it.

Goals may include:

  • Paying down debt
  • Managing money inflow and outflow so you don’t have to live paycheque to paycheque
  • Saving for a large purchase like a home or car
  • Saving for a trip
  • Increasing disposable income for savings or investments

Getting Started

Calculate your monthly income and monthly expenses. In order to use more accurate numbers for this calculation, try to track everything you spend for one to two months. Remember to include things like your morning coffee, take out dinners and entertainment. This will give you a good idea of where your money goes. Tracking every single purchase might be difficult to do if this is new for you. See if your bank offers a service that tracks your spending, like the RBC NOMI app. Be extra mindful of the cash purchases you make and don’t forget to track them in a spreadsheet, a note in your phone or by using an app. There are apps available like Mint or Pocketguard, but do your research first to find one you’re comfortable using.

Once you have these results, compare what you make after taxes each month to what you spend.

If your expenditures are higher than your income, your first step is to reduce expenses where possible. This can be done in a number of ways — like cutting streaming services you don’t use often, curbing that excessive take out habit or something more significant like getting rid of a car.

Divide and Conquer

Divide costs into fixed, flexible, and future.

  • Fixed costs are the necessities (mortgage payments, utility bills, food)
  • Flexible costs are not necessary, but nice to haves (entertainment, gifts, memberships, and travel)
  • Future costs are savings, the things that may be needed one day (investments, an emergency fund, insurance)

A great way to divide these costs is by using the efficient 50-30-20 rule.

Fixed
Expenses
Flexible Expenses
Future Expenses

Build Your Budget - RBC Insurance

Infographic - Build Your Budget

Revisit/Recalculate

Set aside time each month to check-in. If you’re having trouble sticking to your budget, it might be time to try something new. You want your budget to be realistic and not the new mission impossible.

Find YOUR maintenance approach. Track spending with a spreadsheet, carry a set amount of cash instead of credit, or like 20 per cent of Canadians, try software or a mobile app to monitor money. Some helpful tools include Mint, Mvelopes, and Budget Planner by the FCAC. Whatever the approach, find a strategy that works for you.

Source:

Financial Consumer Agency of Canada. Canadians And Their Money: Key Findings from the 2019 Financial Capability Survey. 2019.

 

50% Fixed costs aka “the essentials.”

Infographic - Build Your Budget

This list may be different for everyone.

  • Housing
  • Utilities
  • Transportation
  • Loan repayments
  • Childcare
  • Basic grocery items
  • Insurance (car and home)
  • Housing
  • Utilities
  • Transportation
  • Loan repayments
  • Childcare
  • Basic grocery items
  • Insurance (car and home)

DID YOU KNOW? It’s recommended that your total housing costs be no more than 30-32% of your gross income.

30% Flexible costs aka “the non-essentials”

  • Entertainment
  • Subscriptions (streaming services, magazines, gym membership etc.)
  • Services (salon treatments, house cleaning, food delivery etc.)
  • Travel

FACT: Budgeters are less likely than non-budgeters to spend beyond their monthly income (18 vs. 29%)

20% Future costs aka “the eventuals”

  • Emergency fund
  • Investments (RRSP, RESP, GIF, GIC etc.)
  • Insurance policies (life, disability, critical illness)
  • General savings

TIP: If you are paid on a bi-weekly basis and set aside $50 each paycheque, you can save $1,300 in one year, before any interest.


This article is intended as general information only and is not to be relied upon as constituting legal, financial or other professional advice. A professional advisor should be consulted regarding your specific situation. Information presented is believed to be factual and up-to-date but we do not guarantee its accuracy and it should not be regarded as a complete analysis of the subjects discussed. All expressions of opinion reflect the judgment of the authors as of the date of publication and are subject to change. No endorsement of any third parties or their advice, opinions, information, products or services is expressly given or implied by Royal Bank of Canada or any of its affiliates.